is the capital of Serbian culture, education, science and economy. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe and has since ancient times been an important crossing of the ways where the roads of eastern and western Europe meet. The city lies on two international waterways, at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, which surround it on three sides. Because of this position, Belgrade is fittingly referred to as the Gateway to the Balkans and the Door to Central Europe.
Belgrade’s glamour at the crossroads of the European revival celebrates a diverse mix of culture, architecture, the natural combination of oriental passion and European refinement. Belgrade has for centuries been home to many nationalities, it was developing as multi-national and multi-cultural environment. Streets, squares, monuments, parks, drinking fountains, archeological sites and other spots that deserve recommendation are all over the city.
Numerous local and international theatres, film, music and other cultural events (FEST, BITEF, BEMUS, BELEF, October Salon and the Documentary and Short Film Festival) make Belgrade an important cultural center.
Belgrade is also host to numerous national and international conferences and fairs. The multipurpose Sava Centre is one of the most attractive venues for conferences and cultural events in this part of Europe. Over 40 international fairs are held each year at the Belgrade Fair.
Numerous European and world sporting events have been held in Belgrade’s stadia and on its sports fields. Combank Arena is a multi-functional venue for all sporting, cultural and entertainment events and has a capacity of 20,000. There are outdoor facilities for many sports, particularly water and extreme sports, on Ada Ciganlija and the Belgrade Marathon is held in the city every year.
Belgrade is very much alive and full of positive people, energy, love, joy, smiles, sights and sounds. The city of culture, Belgrade is full of inspiration, the city of festivals and music, city of sports and leisure, Europe’s best nightlife and entertainment is an inexhaustible source of energy. You can relax and dine in a restaurant on the river or in some of the lively Belgrade streets, trying the new tastes. You can fill your time with shopping in one of Belgrade’s new shopping malls and centers. Guests to Belgrade can also visit a downtown bohemian quarter of Skadarlija, reminiscent of the 19th century life of numerous famous artists and poets, and can also walk along the most central Belgrade street, Knez Mihailova, which is a pedestrian zone and which, when it comes to urban planning, takes its descent back to Roman times.
Accommodation is available in one of Belgrade city based hotels, hostels, or private apartments and have mind that Air Serbia including other international air carriers offer more daily flights to Belgrade.
Belgrade is a city that makes everyone come back for a reason!
History of Belgrade
Belgrade is the city of a very tumultuous history - one of the oldest cities in Europe. Its history is lasting for more than 7,000 years. The area around two great rivers, the Sava and the Danube has been inhabited as early as in a Paleolithic period. Its geographic allocation determined Belgrade as an important strategic point at the cross-road between Europe and Asia and a meeting point of Eastern and Western civilizations. In its history Belgrade was destroyed and rebuilt more than 40 times. But Belgrade also had prosperous and peaceful periods, with booming economy, when it attracted people to live in the city and around.
Here is a brief list of the important years in the Belgrade’s history:
- 7000 BC: The first Neolithic settlement in Vinca (pronounced "vin-cha") - nowadays a Belgrade's suburban municipality
- 91: Singidunum was a Roman military camp housing the legion of Flavius IV
- V century: Controlled by Huns, Sarmatians, Goths, Avars, but mostly by Byzantine Empire cca 630: The Slavs conquered Singidunum
- 878: The first written record of the Slavic name "Beograd"
- 950: The first Jewish record about Belgrade – Rabbi Hisdai Ibn Sharput, on behalf of the Cordoba’s Caliph Abdul Rahman III, wrote a letter and sent to the Hazar’s Hagan Joseph XI via several cities including Belgrade.
- 1096-1189: The Crusaders have passed through Belgrade
- 1154: Byzantine emperor Manuel I destroyed Zemun and rebuilt Belgrade from the town's stones
- 1182 – 1185: The Hungarians attacked and plundered Belgrade / The Byzantine Empire regained the control of Belgrade through diplomacy
- 1403: Under Despot Stefan Lazarevic Belgrade became the capital of the mediaeval Serbia
- 1440: The Turks attacked Belgrade but the town was successfully defended, although subjected to extensive damage
- 1456: Sultan Mahmud II unsuccessfully besieged Belgrade
- 1492: Jews were exiled from Spain – soon they arrived on Balkan Peninsula, including Belgrade in the first half of the XVI century
- 1521: Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent conquered Belgrade and the city became a part of the Ottoman Empire
- 1521: First record on organized Jewish life in the city - considered as a date when the Jewish Community Belgrade has been founded
- 1688 - 1690: Duke Maximilian of Bavaria conquered Belgrade for a while. Belgrade again fall back under Turkish rule
- 1717: Prince Eugene of Savoy captured Belgrade
- 1739: The Peace of Belgrade was signed between Austria and Turkey, which gave the city to the Turks
- 1804: The First Serbian Uprising against the Turks
- 1806: Serbian rebels led by Karadorde liberated the town and Belgrade became the capital of Serbia again
- 1813: Upon the brake of the First Serbian Uprising the Turks recaptured Belgrade
- 1815: Miloš Obrenovic instigated the Second Serbian Uprising
- 1841: Belgrade became the capital of the Princedom of Serbia during the first rule of Mihailo Obrenovic
- 1882: Serbia became a kingdom, with Belgrade as its capital
- 1903: The May coup d'etat - after the assassination of King Aleksandar Obrenovic, King Petar I Karadordevic ascended to the Serbian throne
- 1914: The World War I: The Austrians bombed and conquered Belgrade, but the Serbs liberate the city in the same year
- 1918: Serbs and units of the Allied Forces liberated Belgrade. Belgrade becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
- 1941: On March 27th, major demonstrations against the Tripartite Pact with Axis Powers, followed by the coup d’etat of pro-British military officers. The Nazi-Germany bombed Belgrade on April 6th and occupied the city on April 12th
- 1944: Belgrade is liberated by the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia, with the help of the Russian Red Army
- 1945: The monarchy is abolished and a republic is proclaimed under the leadership of the Communist Party and Josip Broz Tito
- 1945 - 1991: A prosperous period of Belgrade as a capital of the Socialist Yugoslavia. Belgrade developed as a modern European city of almost two million inhabitants. In 1961 the First Conference of the Non-Aligned countries was held in Belgrade
- 1992: The Socialist Yugoslavia disintegrated and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (consisting of Serbia and Montenegro) was proclaimed. In May the United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on the FR Yugoslavia
- 1996 - 1997: Mass popular and student protests were held due to the regime's refusal to recognize local election results.
- 1999: For three months NATO bombed Yugoslavia, including targets in downtown Belgrade
- 2000 - 2001: After elections and popular protests, Serbia is liberated. Serbia got its first democratic government
- 2003: FR Yugoslavia reshaped into Serbia and Montenegro - Belgrade is the capital of Serbia.
- 2006: Montenegro became an independent state - Belgrade continued as the capital of the Republic of Serbia
- Since 2000: A continuous efforts to modernize the city and overpass problems from the past, with the common mission: to reach and join European Union